Types of Phobias: Symptoms, Causes, and Best Treatment
A Phobia is a type of anxiety disorder or an irrational fear reaction that creates a fear in humans about a situation, object, place, or living creature.
A person with any Phobia can’t control themselves and their fear for an object, person, or place. Such phobias can interfere with the personal life of an individual, even in work, school, and relationships.
Around 19 million people in the USA are suffering from different types of Phobias and finding difficulties in their daily life.
Types of Phobias
According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), three types of Phobias exist in this world.
1. General or Specific Phobia
General or Specific Phobia is an intense or irrational fear of a specific trigger such as a situation, place, thing, or creature.
2. Social Phobia
When a person has a social phobia, he used to get scared of public humiliation, being singled out, or judged by others in social situations. Being a part of a large social gathering can also be terrifying for a social phobia patient.
Agoraphobia is a type of fear of specific places or situations that a person always try not to go and face. The people who have Agoraphobia scared of being in crowded and finding themselves outside their homes. They often denied many social gatherings and liked to stay at their homes.
Many people with Agoraphobia may also have a panic attack if they find themselves in a place where they can’t escape.
Other Types of Phobias
Apart from the Phobias as mentioned earlier, there are specific common phobias too which interfere in an Individual’s daily life. Here are some of them:-
Glossophobia is a type of anxiety in which individual fear of speaking in front of an audience. The body of People with Glassophobia starts reacting abnormally even when they think of going in front of a large group of audiences and people.
Dentophobia is fear of going to a dentist’s clinic. It happens after an unpleasant dental treatment at the dentist. It can be harmful to you as it prevents you from taking necessary dental treatment.
People who scare of climbing mountains, bridges or higher floors of buildings are Acrophobia patients. The symptoms of this Phobia include sweating, dizziness, vertigo, etc.
Claustrophobia is a fear of tiny space that prevents you from riding in cars and elevators.
People who scare from blood and injuries are Hemophobia patients. A person with this Phobia can panic or unconscious when they see their blood or another person’s blood.
There are some more phobias such as Arachnophobia, Cynophobia, and Ophidiophobia, which means a fear of Spiders, Doga, and Snakes.
Symptoms of Phobias
- A majority of Phobias have almost the same symptoms which are as follows:-
- Uncontrollable anxiety due to fear
- A feeling of keeping themselves away from that source of fear
- Not able to function properly
Some of the physical symptoms that can be seen in a person due to Phobia can include:-
- Abnormal breathing
- Chest Pains or Tightness
- Dry Mouth
- Confusion and Disorientation
- Accelerated Heartbeat
- A Chocking Sensation
- Pins and Needles
Causes of Phobias
Various reasons develop a phobia in humans, such as Genetic and environmental factors, distressing events, extreme heights, animals or insect bites, and much more. Children are also at risk of Phobia when they get in contact with a person or relative with an anxiety disorder.
People with dangerous medical conditions are also at risk of Phobia. People after massive brain injuries may fall prey to Phobia.
Treatment of Phobias
If you have any Phobia, then, first of all, you must consult with a psychiatrist who is a specialist in dealing with these kinds of Phobias. If you are living in Jaipur, Rajasthan, then you must consult with Dr. Sanjay Jain, who is the best psychiatrist in Jaipur based on reviews and ratings.
If your Phobia is not creating severe problems, then by avoiding your fear, you can control yourself easily. There are many people around who do not seek treatment as their phobias are often manageable.
If it is not possible to control you fear yourself, then there is no home remedy as to a solution. You must consult a psychiatrist or psychologist as they recommend various psychotherapies and medications that help people in managing their reactions to the object of their Phobia.
The reason for different phobias can be ongoing distress for an individual. The treatment of phobia is often possible and very often the fear of any place, object, or live creature can be avoidable.
If you and one of your close ones have a phobia then the first thing you should never avoid is seeking help. There are many psychiatrists who provides online solutions that may help you overcome many specific phobias.